The comparison between pre-war and post-war art is clear: they are drastically different. Before 1914, the works that dealt with war glorified it and celebrated soldiers’ courage, heroism, and patriotism. For the first time in 1914, the artists were part of the combat.
We thus see an artistic denunciation of the violence of the conflict and representations of the physical and psychological trauma that resulted from it. Paintings, poems, sculptures, and novels all testify to the artists’ disillusionment in the face of pointless fights where they lose many of their comrades.